The environmental and social impacts due to the usage of synthetic pesticides have highlighted the need to implement integrated pest management (IPM) programs across various parts of the world, including the U.S. and Asia. Due to changing food consumption habits and rising population, countries are facing challenges in improving agricultural production to fulfill the rising demand for food and maintaining quality standards for international trade.
Pesticides are crucial to the production of many crops. However, local and international concerns are rising due to the growing awareness regarding pesticide misuse, its environmental and health impacts, and many insects have developed some level of pesticide resistance. Governments are under pressure to promote more sustainable pest management strategies with a lower reliance on pesticides and tighten regulatory control over pesticide distribution and use to limit the potential harm to people and the environment. All of these issues are encouraging the establishment of pest and chemical management policies.
In the U.S., pesticides are regulated under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide (FIFRA) Act and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Pesticides sold or distributed in the U.S. are required to be registered with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Biopesticides are often recognized as a safer alternative to chemical pesticides, and hence, have a specific regulatory status.
In India, the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) from the Union Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare promotes the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach under the ‘Strengthening & Modernization of Pest Management’ scheme through 35 Central Integrated Pest Management Centres (CIPMCs) located across 28 states and two union territories. In India, the impact of IPM has been significant; for instance, the overall consumption of chemical pesticides in the country reduced from 61,357 metric tonnes during 1994–1995 to 49,438 metric tonnes during 2018–2019, while the use of biopesticides/neem-based pesticides increased from 123 metric tonnes during 1994–1995 to 7,682 metric tonnes during 2018–2019.
Further, the Indian agricultural sector has largely been dependent on chemical pesticides that severely impact human and animal health, biodiversity, and the environment. In 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the Pesticide Management Bill (PMB) to regulate pesticide manufacture, import, sales, storage, distribution, usage, and disposal and ensure the availability of safe pesticides to reduce the risk to humans, animals, and the environment.
In Brazil, the National Program for Inputs for Organic Agriculture (BioInsumos) was launched in June 2020 to stimulate credit card adoption of less toxic/natural technologies. The program covers pheromones, allelochemicals, and products formulated with copper, boron, sulfur, mineral oil & compounds, and plant, animal, and mineral derivatives, including biological control agents that comply with organic production legislation and are intended for use in the production, storage, and processing of agricultural products, in pastures, or planted forests.
In China, the overuse and misuse of chemical pesticides continue to be significant problems. Beijing had set a goal of achieving zero increase in pesticide use by 2020. In 2017, new pesticide laws were passed to decrease the number of entities involved in pesticide regulation, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs established a Pesticide Management Office. Such initiatives are expected to promote the adoption of integrated pest management techniques, including the use of IPM pheromones.
Thus, favorable government initiatives & policies are expected to promote integrated pest management techniques, driving the growth of this market, and it is expected to drive the market at a CAGR of 12.3% to reach $1.54 billion by 2028, according to the Meticulous Research®.
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