Hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that supports decarbonization in various sectors, such as transportation, chemical production, and power generation. Integrating CCUS with hydrogen production processes, the carbon dioxide emitted during hydrogen production can be captured and separated efficiently. Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) is a technology that enables the reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from large point sources such as power plants, refineries, hydrogen production plants, and other industrial facilities.
CCUS technology has three stages—capturing, transporting, and storing CO2. The main methods for capturing CO2 are post-combustion, pre-combustion, and oxyfuel combustion. CCUS is designed to capture carbon dioxide emissions, utilize them in various applications, and store them safely underground to prevent their release into the atmosphere. These help make energy supply more diverse and flexible and contribute to energy security, which has become a major priority for governments around the globe.
Some of the benefits offered by CCUS are as follows:
- Reduces emissions from industries such as steel, cement, and petrochemicals that are difficult to decarbonize.
- CCUS integration significantly lowers the carbon footprint of hydrogen production.
- Produces low-carbon electricity and hydrogen, which can be used to decarbonize various activities.
- Removes existing CO2 from the atmosphere.
- It contributes to global climate goals by capturing and storing carbon.
Furthermore, CCUS enables the production of clean hydrogen from natural gas or coal (which are sources of practically all hydrogen production), creating opportunities to bring low-carbon hydrogen into the market at low costs. Using CCUS technology for hydrogen production is significantly cheaper than using electrolysis technology.
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